To homeschool in Vermont, parents must complete the following steps:
Submit a Home Study Enrollment form every year
Submit an Independent Professional Evidence Reporting Form (if your student has not been previously enrolled in public school)
Submit a Minimum Course of Study (MCOS) form
Submit an End of Year Assessment after your second year of enrollment
Keep good records
Modify™ can help you with your tracking, portfolio and record keeping. Download the app today.
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According to Vermont Statute 16 V.S.A. § 1121, “A person having the control of a child between the ages of six and 16 years shall cause the child to attend a public school, an approved or recognized independent school, an approved education program, or a home study program for the full number of days for which that school is held, unless the child:
As stated above, “Every family in Vermont has the right to educate their own children. All students in Vermont must be enrolled at an approved public or independent school or enroll in a home study program. Home Study and Home Schooling mean the same thing; the family is responsible for educating the students. Families must develop their own curriculum, or purchase a curriculum to implement or they can enroll their students in an online program/academy. The family will determine which best meets their needs.
The Agency of Education’s Home Study Team functions as an approver of home study programs – not a school. There are some minimum standards that the State of Vermont has determined all Home Study Programs must meet, and we are responsible for ensuring that all programs are in compliance with the requirements in 16 VSA §166b. By enrolling in a Home Study Program, families give up their right to a publicly funded education. There is no money available to pay for a Home Study Program at either the State level or the local level” (Vermont Agency of Education).
What do I need to be eligible to be a homeschool parent?
There are no minimum qualifications for your to homeschool your child in Vermont.
Do I need to notify the school district of my intent to homeschool my child?
Yes! Per Vermont Statute 16 V.S.A. § 166b, “A home study program shall send a written enrollment notice to the Secretary whenever it intends to enroll a child. Enrollments in home study programs shall expire on July 1. If a home study program intends to re-enroll a child for the following school year, a new notice under this section is required and may be submitted at any time after March 1.”
Notification must include the following (16 V.S.A. § 166b):
Students must remain in the public/independent school until you have received an official Home Study enrollment complete letter” (Vermont Agency of Education). “Within 14 business days of receiving an enrollment notice, the Secretary or designee shall send the home study program a written acknowledgment of receipt. The acknowledgment shall include a determination:
What educational options are available to my homeschooler?
When you homeschool in Vermont, you have options. According to the Vermont Agency of Education, “Students enrolled in home study may take part in classes and activities at their public (not independent) schools. Act 119 provides for the participation of homeschoolers in public school academic, co-curricular, and extracurricular programs. […] If a student is taking a class at the public school, you must:
As another option, Act 77 “creates a Flexible Pathways Initiative within the Agency of Education to expand opportunities for secondary students to complete high school and achieve postsecondary readiness. The Act provides the opportunity for each high school student to:
Note: “To be enrolled in a home study program, at least sixty percent of the core academics (3 out of 5) must be conducted at home. “Core academics” includes (basic communication skills: reading and writing, basic communications skills: use of numbers (math), history/citizenship/government, the natural sciences, English, American, and other literature.”
Even though Vermont does not highly regulate homeschooling, there are some Vermont homeschool requirements you must satisfy when you homeschool:
Minimum course of study refers to the following:
Per section 906, “the minimum course of study means learning experiences adapted to a student’s age and ability in the fields of:
In other words, a child who is age 13 or older is not required to take physical education, comprehensive health education, or fine arts.
What is an MCOS Exemption?
Per 16 VSA §166b(k), “A VT home study program that has successfully completed the last two consecutive school years of home study with any enrolled child, provided those two years fall within the most recent five years, shall not thereafter be required to submit an annual detailed outline or narrative describing the content of the minimum course of study.
Home Study Enrollments must be received or clearly postmarked by midnight, August 1, to be considered a complete year for purposes of the MCOS exemption. The student must not have been withdrawn during the school year, for this to be considered a school year. An MCOS must be submitted for each child who is 12 years old at the time [of] enrollment (even if the student is eligible for the exemption). See 16 V.S.A. §166b (k). […] The MCOS exemption is extended to all students in a family. If one student earns the exemption, then all of the students in the family receive the exemption. The same applies for students who lose the exemption. If one student in a family loses the exemption, then all students in the family lose the exemption.”
Do I need to administer testing to my homeschooler?
According to 16 V.S.A. § 166b, “Each home study program shall assess annually the progress of each of its students. Progress shall be assessed in each subject area of the minimum course of study […] by one or more of the following methods:
For more information on the assessment requirements, see the current Home Study Guidelines on the Vermont Agency of Education website.
What happens to my child’s evaluation results?
“If the Secretary has information that reasonably could be expected to justify an order of termination under this section, he or she may call a hearing. At the hearing, the Secretary shall establish one or more of the following:
What records do I need to keep when I homeschool my child?
According to the Vermont Agency of Education, “We can and do maintain records documenting that students satisfactorily meet all necessary standards, and confirm with school districts all who are enrolled with us so they can accurately enforce truancy laws.” That being said, parents are still required to track their child’s progress “and to keep records of their progress (portfolio, qualified teacher assessment, curriculum-based assessments, etc.).”
In addition to the required recordkeeping, we also recommend you do some personal recordkeeping to provide verification of education in the event you would need to show some form of educational proof to the state or other legal entities or to prepare for re-entry into public school or postsecondary pathways. This includes the following:
You may also be able to find more information on Vermont homeschool requirements through your local school district.
Homeschool laws in Vermont encourage parents to keep copies of curriculum, samples of student work, and assessment results as they may be useful for college admissions, military service opportunities, and other institutions they may want to attend. Student work portfolios are only required if parents opt to submit the Parent Report and Portfolio or Teacher Advisory Report and Portfolio as their End of Year Assessment.
The Modify™ app makes record keeping simple and keeps all your records organized.
Vermont’s Agency of Education does not have strict graduation requirements. According to their Home Study Guidelines, high school students enrolled in a home study program do not receive a high school diploma from the Agency of Education.
Parents can request the Agency to provide a verification letter that can be used as evidence that the student was enrolled in a home study program. As homeschoolers, parents can provide their own diploma as well as decide homeschool graduation standards for their students.
Modify™ helps homeschoolers to keep all necessary records and transcripts.
Note: All information on this site is provided with no guarantee of accuracy. Modify™ is not responsible for any errors, omissions, or outdated information, or for the results yielded through use of this information.